Written on September 28, 2016
By Malcolm Wagner
A printed circuit board is the “brain” of an electronic device. Without this, your phone, LED television, computer, dishwasher and washing machine will not work. These devices require a PCB that is fast, multi-layered and compact. With the recent technology on HDI PCB, your phone can function as video player, game console, or a mini-computer. In this article, we bring you the latest technology in the production of PCBs.
What is HDI?
High density interconnect (HDI) enables PCB fabricators such as our company to create the smallest, fastest and the most intelligent circuit boards in the planet. With the rising demands for 3G and 4G phones, or smart televisions that consumers use to connect to the Internet and to watch movies, this technology helps us stay in the industry and compete with other PCB manufacturers.
HDI is the process of multi-layering of coppers and dielectric materials without making the PCB look bulky and still achieving its functionality. The process uses vias and microvias to create connections between the layers. The process calls for a thru-hole mounting technology in some cases or as appropriate into the design.
We use laser drilling technology to drill and bury vias and microvias into the printed circuit board. This very same technology also enables us to install electronics component between layers before we stack them together. The vias and copper-filled microvias establish the interconnections of the components buried within the board. We can use staggered or stacked microvias.
What are vias and microvias? These holes are copper-filled or non-conducting. The vias connect the multi-layered board. They go through more than two layers of the board and are most of the time non-conducting. On the other hand, microvias are always filled with copper since they serve as wirings between the layers. A printed circuit board can contain one or more vias and hundreds of microvias buried within the circuit board.
The Benefits of HDI
An electronic device can contain more than one PCB, stacked on top of one another. This stacking procedure helps us create miniature PCBs. A PCB with dimensions of 3 inches on all sides can contain all the functionality we desire an electronic device can have. For example, we manufacture a five-inch phone. With HDI, we can make the phone to function as a media player, a calling device, and stopwatch without connecting too many PCBs on it. With HDI, we can create a 3-inch PCB that fits on the five-inch outer packaging of the phone.
Since we use vias and microvias for interconnections between the PCBs, we eliminate the use of wirings. Of course, we still use wirings to connect the PCB to outside source such as the 3.5mm jack. For the most part, we do not use wirings.
Less weight and compact
The eliminated wirings account for almost 75% of conventional wirings. When we eliminate this percentage on the outer packaging of the electronic device, we make the device more compact and lesser weight than its original version.
No wirings mean fewer errors. Fewer errors mean better performance. Aside from fewer errors, the elimination of wirings are helpful since there is no added heat stress on the solder joints. The wirings are also conductors and conductors generate heat as electricity passes through them. With no wirings that generate heat, the solder joints are not exposed such heat and can last longer than its expected solder life.
With the flat and thin conductors and insulators, the printed circuit board can dissipate heat quickly. We can eliminate the “baking” phenomenon in the PCB, wherein the solder joints melt due to high temperature. Since the layers are thinner than the conventional ones, the heat dissipates and does not affect the components.
HDI printed circuit boards are smaller and thinner than the ordinary PCBs. These do not require conventional methods and materials. Furthermore, high density interconnect technology eliminates the use of wirings. It improves the overall performance of the PCBs and the reliability of the installed components. HDI offers more design options since we do not use wirings. The weight of the electronic devices is lesser, which is a factor in the production of smart phones, wearable gadgets and other similar electronic devices.
A printed circuit board is a main component of an electronic device. We at Pcbnet, manufacturing High density interconnect (HDI) printed circuit board. For more visit our website www.pcbnet.com.
Written on August 19, 2016
By Andre Hanson
Golf clubs are an expensive investment. They are engineered for different uses. Woods, the longest golf clubs, are used to send golf balls sailing yards away. The irons which have smaller heads than the woods, drive the ball towards the hole. Putters are used when the golfer is near the hole. They make low-speed strokes. All these golf clubs combined will help you win that game. So how do you protect your valuable investment and save money in the long run? A good set of golf clubs can cost you thousands. You will be disappointed if you find them already broken or affected with rust.
Here are six golf accessories for your clubs to last you thousands of swings.
Golf travel cases
Golfers love to travel. Traveling gives them the opportunity to check out other golf courses all over the world. In this case, you need to get golf travel cases if you’re thinking about taking your golf clubs with you when traveling. Travel cases are golf accessories that will ensure your golf clubs don’t get damaged from the rigors of travel. There are different kinds of golf travel cases. The soft case, which is made from a soft material, allows you to just strap or zip it up. If you’re flying, do not opt for this travel case as it won’t provide your golf clubs maximum protection. If you can swing more money, go for the hard-case, the one that’s made of plastic materials. They provide optimum protection for your clubs. Make sure it is resistant to punctures. Find one that will fit in your golf bag.
Golf Club Covers
These golf accessories may not help you swing better, but they sure help protect your valuable golf clubs that allow you to make that perfect swing. There are covers meant to protect the head alone, and those designed to protect the entire club. Invest in these to increase the lifespan of your golf clubs.
Golf Club brushes
Brushes are a must-have items that should be inside every golf bag. They’re helpful in cleaning both your golf clubs and golf balls. Brushes are made in copper, brass, or nylon. Go for nylon brushes to avoid scratching your golf clubs. Brushes can make your expensive clubs look spotless.
One of the most fundamental practices that can extend the life of your golf clubs is keeping them always clean and looking new. A towel, an underrated golf accessory, can do wonders for your clubs. Always carry a towel with you when playing golf. Use it to wipe dirt immediately after using it. At home, check the conditions of your golf clubs and check for areas that are still wet or damp. If you allow moisture to sit on your club for longer periods, it will rust. Keep your golf clubs clean and dry with golf towels.
A golf bag is a necessity for every golfer. They protect all of your accessories and equipment, especially your expensive golf clubs. Find a golf bag that has lot of pockets so you can organize all the things inside.
Find one that will protect your golf clubs when it rains. You don’t have to cover your entire bag when out playing. All you need is a hood that you can carry on your bag. This would protect clubs from the weather and bugs while on the golf course.
Try to get all these golf accessories the soonest possible time, especially if you have already purchased expensive golf clubs. They will help you extend its lifespan.
Written on July 23, 2016
By Billie Harvey
There are as many attorneys as there are branches of the law. Corporate attorneys, family law attorneys, and divorce attorneys are some of the most common kinds of lawyers that practice their profession on a daily basis throughout the world.
Another kind of lawyer that is often kept busy is a Long Island foreclosure lawyer. The economic crisis of the past decade has clearly taken a toll on a population that was mortgaged to the hilt and as a result, many of those faced with losing their home have been consulting with a Long Island foreclosure lawyer or two to keep the roofs over their heads.
But what exactly does a Long Island foreclosure lawyer do and what sort of responsibilities are part and parcel of his or her role in foreclosure cases?
On the whole, a Long Island foreclosure lawyer should help steer you towards a more palatable alternative to foreclosure. They can bring this about either by working with a housing counselor or with your debt servicer (or both). Specifically, you can expect the following services from your foreclosure lawyer:
- The provision of a reasonably sound defense during a foreclosure case.
- A meticulous analysis of the terms and conditions prevailing over your mortgage and on the other documents that apply to the case, such as the purchase agreement.
- A thorough examination of the circumstances behind your failure to settle the mortgage payments on time. This helps your lawyer to point out any factors (e.g., loss of income or employment or a disease) behind the default that could mitigate the court’s judgment on your case.
- An open dialogue with your lender or debt servicer with the aim to either mitigate the case against you or to come up with a settlement that will serve as an alternative to an outright foreclosure.
- An informed discussion of all possible defenses against the foreclosure complaint as well as an analysis of the possibilities for a counterclaim.
- A thorough comprehension of the state of your personal finances, interests, and objectives, along with an accurate knowledge pertaining to your side of the story.
- Assistance with determining options against foreclosure that would work in your favor.
- An enthusiastic defense of your honor and interests in any and all court proceedings that take place during the foreclosure process.
- An honest and detailed assessment of your condition and on the chances of achieving your aims in the foreclosure process.
- Detailed consultations regarding possible outcomes of the foreclosure proceedings in court and the corresponding reactive measures that the former might entail.
It should also be noted that time is an important element in foreclosure proceedings. The earlier your foreclosure lawyer gets involved with the process, the higher your chances are of keeping your home or at least fending off the more unpleasant stages of foreclosure.
Also, while there are cases wherein you may not require the services of a foreclosure lawyer, such as where you can get free aid or assistance from a housing counselor, most defenses against foreclosure are made stronger with the presence of a foreclosure lawyer.
The range of a foreclosure lawyer’s fees is generally from USD500 to USD3,000, depending on how much time the lawyer spends attending to your legal needs in and out of the court. However, there are states that mandate a lender to pay off the foreclosure lawyer’s fees if the latter is successful in getting the court to rule in your favor.
There are also some legal aid societies that help those who are financially strapped to avail of a foreclosure lawyer’s services nonetheless and many local state or bar associations have listings of lawyers who are also offering pro bono services.